The National Institutes of Technology (NITs) Council ,the highest decision-making body of the 31 premier engineering schools, met on May 25 to discuss the recommendations of the V K Saraswat committee set up by the HRD Ministry to suggest changes to the NIT curricula.
The panel has recommended that all campaign rolled out by the NDA government, and Skill India, which aims to provide industry-relevant skill training to youths, should be studied by all NIT students irrespective of their branch of engineering.
Flagship programmes of the Modi government, Swachh Bharat, Smart Cities, Jan Dhan, Make in India and Digital India among others , could soon make their way into the engineering curriculum of the National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
The suggestions of this panel, which the council decided to adopt, include introduction of a new course for all engineering disciplines on all the ‘National Flagship Programmes’ like :-
‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’, is a campaign by the Government of India to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country’s 4,041 statutory cities and towns.
The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi ,by Honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is India’s largest ever cleanliness drive with 3 million government employees, and especially school and college students from all parts of India, participating in the campaign.
The objectives of Swachh Bharat are to reduce or eliminate open defecation through the construction of individual, cluster and community toilets. The Swachh Bharat mission will also make an initiative of establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring latrine use.
The government is aiming to achieve an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2 October 2019, the 150th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India, at a projected cost of ₹1.96 lakh crore (US$30 billion)
‘Make in India’ initiative was launched by Prime Minister in September 2014 as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives. Devised to transform India into a global design and manufacturing hub.
Make in India initiative quickly became a rallying cry for India’s innumerable stakeholders and partners. It was a powerful, galvanising call to action to India’s citizens and business leaders, and an invitation to potential partners and investors around the world.
A shift from issuing authority to business partner, in keeping with Prime Minister’s tenet of ‘Minimum Government, Maximum Governance’.
The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) initiated this process by inviting participation from Union Ministers, Secretaries to the Government of India, state governments, industry leaders, and various knowledge partners.
In a short space of time, the obsolete and obstructive frameworks of the past have been dismantled and replaced with a transparent and user-friendly system that is helping drive investment, foster innovation, develop skills, protect Intellectual Property (IP) and build best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure.
The most striking indicator of progress is the unprecedented opening up of key sectors, including Railways, Defence, Insurance and Medical Devices ,to dramatically higher levels of Foreign Direct Investment.
Make in India is opening investment doors. Multiple enterprises are adopting its mantra. The world’s largest democracy is well on its way to becoming the world’s most powerful economy.
‘Digital India’ is a campaign launched by the Government of India to ensure that Government services are made available to citizens electronically by improved online infrastructure and by increasing Internet connectivity or by making the country digitally empowered in the field of technology.
It was launched on 2 July 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi .The initiative includes plans to connect rural areas with high-speed internet networks. Digital India consists of three core components.
The vision of Digital India programme is inclusive growth in areas of electronic services, products, manufacturing and job opportunities etc. and it is centred on three key areas – Digital Infrastructure as a Utility to Every Citizen, Governance & Services on Demand and Digital Empowerment of Citizens.
Some of the facilities which will be provided through this initiative are Digital Locker, e-education, e-health, e-sign and national scholarship portal. As the part of Digital India, Indian government planned to launch Botnet cleaning centres.
‘Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation’’, (AMRUT) a scheme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus of the urban renewal projects is to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urban transformation.
The scheme Housing for All by 2022 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) were launched on the same day.
The scheme is dependent with public private partnership model (PPP) model. All other schemes like Swachh Bharat Mission, Housing for All 2022, along with the local state schemes related to water supply and sewerage and other infrastructure schemes can be linked to AMRUT.
Some of the broad targets of AMRUT scheme are ascertaining that everyone has access to tap water and sewerage facilities, greenery like parks and open spaces are well maintained, digital and smart facilities like weather prediction, internet and WiFi facilities, pollution reduction by encouraging the public for using cheaper but secure public transport etc.,
‘Sustainable engineering’ is the process of designing or operating systems such that they use energy and resources sustainably, in other words, at a rate that does not compromise the natural environment, or the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Sustainable engineering refers to the integration of social, environmental, and economic considerations into product, process, and energy system design methods. Additionally, sustainable engineering encourages the consideration of the complete product and process lifecycle during the design effort.
Every engineering discipline is engaged in sustainable design, employing numerous initiatives, especially ‘Life Cycle Analysis’ (LCA) A life cycle analysis is a holistic approach to consider the entirety of a product, process or activity, encompassing raw materials, manufacturing, transportation, distribution, use, maintenance, recycling, and final disposal.
In other words, assessing its life cycle should yield a complete picture of the product. The first step in a life cycle assessment is to gather data on the flow of a material through an identifiable society. Once the quantities of various components of such a flow are known, the important functions and impacts of each step in the production, manufacture, use, and recovery/disposal are estimated.
Thus, in sustainable design, engineers must optimize for variables that give the best performance in temporal frames.
The Saraswat committee has also suggested that the NITs move from theory to more project-based and technology-enabled learning. NITs must also incorporate courses related to life skills.
“This new course ‘Sustainable Engineering’ must be introduced in all the branches, must be based on a cradle-to-grave approach and address lifecycle analysis, environmental, social and economic impact of a process/product,” the report states.