Prime Minister Narendra Modi: Ahead of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary: Pitched for ‘Khadi as a movement’
PM Narendra Modi on Sunday referred to Khadi not as a cloth but rather ‘a movement’ which ought to be taken forward as a crusade in the 36th version of his monthly radio program, ‘Mann Ki Baat’, expressing that he has watched a surge in the general population’s enthusiasm towards Khadi, the sale of the fabric has additionally expanded because of which the work among destitute individuals has seen an ascent.
Ahead of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary, Narendra Modi pitched for taking forward the movement to advance Khadi, which he said was not a fabric but rather an idea. Modi likewise said that another reasoning has been injected in those working in the Khadi part in the administration with reference to how to acquire new innovation to build profitability and to revive conventional legacy which was dormant for a long time.
‘The Khadi ashram in Uttar Pradesh’s Varanasi was outdated throughout the previous 26 years, in any case, it has now been restored,’ Modi included. He additionally named Khadi as a philosophy. Prime Minister noted that markdown will be offered on Khadi from October 2 and individuals get a significant rebate. ‘I once again urge that we should try and take forward the Khadi movement. We must work towards lighting lamps in the houses of people engaged in the Khadi industry this Diwali, Narendra Modi added.
The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), is a statutory association occupied with creating and advancing Khadi and town ventures made by the Act of Parliament. Khadi alludes to a hand woven and hand-spun material. The raw materials utilize might be cotton, silk, or wool, which is spun into threads on a charkha, a conventional spinning implement. Charkha a kind of Indian spinning wheel referenced in the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Khadi was launched in 1920 as a political weapon in the Swadeshi movement of Mahatma Gandhi.
Khadi industry is situated in rural regions and the fixed capital investment per weaver does not exceed Rs. One lakh. Likewise, the fixed capital investment can be changed by the center as and when required. The significance of Khadi and village Industries is that they are labor intensive in nature and they require less cash-flow to set up. Consequently is a financially suitable choice in the rural area.
Swadeshi movement attracted Mahatma Gandhi who was opposed to industrialization. He contended that the Mill proprietors would deny handloom weavers a chance to purchase yarn since they would want to create a monopoly for their own cloth. Along these lines, Mahatma Gandhi began spinning himself and urging others to do as such. He made it compulsory for all individuals from the Indian National Congress to spin cotton themselves and to pay their dues in yarn.
Mahatma Gandhi further made the ‘chakri’ (spinning wheel) the symbol of the Nationalist movement. Initially, the Indian flag was supposed to have a chakri, not the ‘Ashoka wheel’ at its center. Mahatma Gandhi collected large sums of money to create a grass-roots organization to encourage handloom weaving. This was called ‘khaddar’ or ‘Khadi’ movement. The Khadi movement promoted a socio-cultural aesthetic, an idea that Indians could be self-reliant on cotton and be free from foreign cloth and clothing.
Narendra Modi said that he had noticed that these days interest in Khadi has increased very much. “I had said that it is not necessary to have everything of Khadi only but if there are various kinds of fabric at home, why should Khadi not be one of them. It may be a bed- sheet, a handkerchief or a curtain. Experience shows that interest among the young generation for Khadi has increased. The increase in the sale of Khadi has resulted in a direct impact on the poor man’s household and linked to employment”.
Khadi is sourced from different parts of India, depending upon its raw materials, While the silk variety is sourced from West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and North Eastern states, the cotton variety comes from Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. Khadi poly is spun in Gujarat and Rajasthan while Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka are known for the woolen variety.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that employment opportunities were created for a number of people. Khadi Gramodyog has also revived its training center at Pampore in Kashmir. In this sector, Kashmir has so much to offer. With the reopening of the training center, the new generation will get a boost in jobs in manufacturing, weaving, in creating new things. Narendra Modi expressed happiness that even big corporate houses have started including Khadi items as Diwali gifts. Even people have started exchanging Khadi items as gifts.
The Khadi and Village Industries Commission has a social goal of providing employment in rural areas, a financial target of giving saleable articles and a more extensive goal of making independence among individuals and working up a solid country group soul through different plans and projects.