India’s moonwalk is soon going to amuse the hearts of country lovers. For the very first time, Indian space agency ISRO will make its move towards the moon. ISRO’s Chandrayaan mission will soon take a leap forward which will register India’s name in the list of moon landers. The word “Chandrayan” itself means, a vehicle for the moon. This aspiring name suggests the unshakable motives of Indian space scientists. Certainly, they have geared up to enlighten the name of the country in space research industry. The mission is a follow up of first moon mission named, “Chandrayaan-1”.
This ambitious mission will be taken forward with the help of GSLV Mk II (Geosynchronous Satellite). This is an indigenous satellite launch vehicle which consists of lander, rover and a lunar arbiter.
After China, India is the first nation which is diligent enough to convert this dream into reality. In the year 2013, we saw China as the very first country to gain success in this mission. Nonetheless, US is the only nation which has successfully landed people on the moon.
In the year 1972, astronaut Gene Cernan registered his name amidst the moon landers. The mission was carried and launched by NASA.
The first time when India prepared for a moon landing with Chandrayaan-1, it didn’t end very well. It took the investment of $83 million and was launched from Sriharikota region. It successfully entered into lunar orbit and was able to figure out the traces of “magmatic water” on some parts. On November 14, 2008, it crashed and could not be seen until finding by NASA in the year 2016.
Chandrayaan -2 is a thriving mission by ISRO which will attempt to give a close and detailed glance at the moon’s surface.
Below we have compiled the detailed description of Chandrayaan-2:
ISRO will conduct the mission with three untitled vehicles which will operate differently. The orbiter is one of them.
This is extensively made to provide the three-dimensional close look of moon’s surface.
As the name suggests, the orbiter will hover in the orbit at an altitude if about 100 km. But, it has much more to it!
The orbiter will carry five multi functional instruments:
1. CLASS for providing the map of some specific elements.
2. SAR for detecting the possibilities of water, ice or any constituent on the moon surface. This may also confirm the possibilities of water ice beneath the shadowed areas of the moon.
3. IIRC does the chore of mapping of moon surface from a faraway wavelength.
4. NMS to do the surveillance of outermost atmospheric region of the moon (exosphere).
5. Terrain Mapping Camera to prepare a detailed study of lunar geology along with the mineralogy. In this, a three-dimensional map is prepared to enhance the understanding.
The orbiter will also provide us the HD view of the landing site before the lander detaches from it. The total mass of the orbiter including all the components will be near 1,400 kg.
Although, the lander will not participate in any of the technical activities, but will also help in deploying the Rover. A complete safety pattern has been followed with the help of navigation system, HD camera, velocity meter and much other required software.
The lander will provide the detailed view of internal structure of Moon. Generally, we call it, lunar crust and mantle.
The orbiter will act as a mediator of that information between the rover and Earth station. The rover will not weigh more than 20 kg. It will run on solar power.
The Rover will be responsible for analyzing the chemicals in lunar rocks and soil. It will fetch all the important information to the orbiter.
Below is the quick look at the helper systems of the Rover:
• A camera for 3-D vision. To provide the detailed view of the surroundings.
• The movements will be made swift with the help of Kinematic traction control. It will also help with providing the independent steering to give four directional drive.
• Six wheel set of the rover will be supported by the dedicated electric motor. A whole of the set of 10 electric motors will support the movements of the rover.
• The Rover payload will include LIBS.
The preparations are well thought and ambitious. If succeeded, it will be a step ahead towards better space investigation in India.