The 2017 G20 Hamburg summit was the 12th meeting of the Group of Twenty-G20, which was held on 7 and 8 July 2017, at Hanburg Messe, in the city of Hamburg, Germany.
Apart from the usual, recurring themes ‘relating to global economic growth, international trade and financial market regulation’, the G20 Hamburg summit is expected to focus on the issues of global significance.
The G20 final communique places a new emphasis on the need for trade deals to be reciprocal and non-discriminatory towards developing countries, reducing the previous emphasis on the primacy of liberalization and the promotion of free market economics across the board.
In a joint statement, G20 leaders vowed to take steps to choke financing to terror groups and to take steps to prevent the internet from being used to spread propaganda. The statement, which came hours after Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi indirectly targeted Pakistan which is not a member of G20 by naming terrorist organisations that operate from its soil and saying that the groups all share the same ideology and purpose of spreading hate and killing people.
According to joint declaration made in the official communique of G20 Summit 2017, Globalisation and technological change have contributed significantly to driving economic growth and raising living standards across the globe.
However, globalisation has created challenges and its benefits have not been shared widely enough. By bringing together developed and emerging market economies, the G20 is determined to shape globalisation to benefit all people. Most importantly, we need to better enable our people to seize its opportunities.
The preamble of the communique G20 Summit 2017 also states, “We are resolved to tackle common challenges to the global community, including terrorism, displacement, poverty, hunger and health threats, job creation, climate change, energy security, and inequality including gender inequality, as a basis for sustainable development and stability. We will continue to work together with others, including developing countries, to address these challenges, building on the rules based international order.”
However, 19 of the 20 leaders were able to agree on all points made in the joint declaration with the exception of Donald Trump United States president who could not agree on climate change.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the geopolitical situation in the Gulf, West Asia and in the Korean Peninsula is a matter of concern as he asked BRICS nations to be a voice for stability, reform, progress and governance at the world stage.
During the G20 summit, Narendra Modi held brief chats with US President Donald Trump, British Prime Minister Theresa May, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron among others. He also held informal meetings with Brazilian President Michel Temer and South African President Jacob Zuma at the BRICS leaders’ gathering.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday held bilateral meetings with his counterparts from Japan, Shinzo Abe, and Canada, Justin Trudeau, along with informal interactions with a number of world leaders on the sidelines of the G20 Summit in Hamburg.
According to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s meeting with Shinzo Abe, the ministry of external affairs said the two leaders reviewed the progress in bilateral relations, including in important projects, since their last meeting in Japan during the Indian prime minister’s visit in November 2016.
Prime Minister Modi held a bilateral meeting earlier on Friday, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe that lasted for thirty five minutes wherein a range of issues were discussed from economic, trade, investment to defence and security cooperation. Norio Maruyama, referring to the Malabar exercises emphasized the importance of the defence cooperation “not just between India and Japan but also Japan, India and the US.”
Narendra Modi expressed satisfaction at developments in bilateral ties. He said that he looked forward to Abe’s forthcoming visit to India for the next annual summit and hoped it would further strengthen their cooperation.
Norio Maruyama, press secretary in the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, at a press conference on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Hamburg announced that, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is to visit India this year.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi also met Canadian Premier Justin Trudeau on the side lines of the G20 Summit. The two leaders also spoke over phone to discuss the Paris Climate Agreement ahead of Modi’s visit to the US last month.
The office of the Canadian premier tweeted on Friday, “Today in Hamburg, PM Justin Trudeau and PM Narendra Modi affirmed the strength of the bond between Canada and India.” Narendra Modi expressed satisfaction at developments in bilateral ties.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will have bilateral meetings with head of the governments of South Korea, Italy, Mexico, Argentina, the UK and Vietnam on Saturday. He will also participate in G20 sessions on Partnership with Africa; Migration and Health; and Digitalisation, Women’s Empowerment and Employment. After attending the concluding session in evening, the Indian prime minister will leave for New Delhi.