ISRO successfully launched its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C43 (PSLV-C43) rocket on Thursday morning.
On Thursday, at exactly 9.58 am, Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) reliable workhorse PSLV rocket soared into the skies from Sriharikota’s first launch-pad carrying with it country’s first hyperspectral imaging satellite.
Besides this the workhorse PSLV rocket also carried 30 small co-passenger satellites from eight different countries that is mostly belongs to the United States. This is first time for ISRO, satellites from Australia, Malaysia and Spain are being flown by an Indian Rocket.
The 45th flight of the PSLV was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota.
According to reports, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle placed 31 satellites in two different orbits – one at a higher altitude and the others in a lower altitude.
Eight of the foreign satellites were placed in the designated 504 km orbit.
ISRO reported that “HysIS is an earth observation satellite developed by it. It was the primary satellite of the PSLV-C43 mission. The satellite was placed in 636 km polar sun synchronous orbit (SSO) with an inclination of 97.957 deg. The mission life of the satellite is 5 years.”
ISRO chairman Dr K Sivan informed that the PSLV’s main passenger which is informally called ‘Chhota Bheem’ after a popular cartoon character weighs a relatively low 380 kg, adding, “HysIS is a very rare satellite with a super-sharp eye, and very few countries have indigenously mastered this technology”.
He also stated that “Many countries are trying to send such hyper-spectral cameras into space but interpreting its results is not easy.”
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) holds the record for launching the highest number of satellites in a single mission – 104 -on February 15, 2017, according to reports.
According to the space agency, the primary goal of HysIS is to study the earth’s surface in visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Dubbed the ‘sharp eye’, said Dr K Sivan, in his post-launch briefing.
Further he highlighted that it is a state-of-the-art satellite and an excellent space asset. The space craft is healthy in its precise orbit. It will keep a sharp vigil on the Indian sub-continent and help in identifying surface objects very accurately.
The co-passengers of HysIS include one Micro and 29 Nano-satellites from eight different countries, the agency informed. “Our customers must be happy as all the babies have been delivered to their homes safely,” said Dr Sivan.
Reportedly, this is the second launch mission in a month as 15 days ago November 17 ISRO had successfully launched Gsat29 communication satellite from Sriharikota.
All eyes are now on the launch of GSAT-11 which is India’s heaviest communication till date from the French space port at Kourou in South America on December 5.
According to reports, early next year, the ISRO will launch Chandrayaan 2 to the moon, where ISRO hopes to place a rover.