Prime Minister Narendra Modi began his two day unprecedented informal summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping in the central Chinese city of Wuhan.
During this meeting Prime Minister Modi held one on one talks with Xi in what is seen as India’s attempt to rebuild trust and alliance between the two neighbouring Asian giants.
The relations between the two nations suffered a backlash ever since the controversial Doklam standoff in 2017 which lasted for 73 days.
Making Wuhan as the center stage with a view to giving a new dimension to Indo-China relations, Prime Minister Modi and President Xi took a walk together at the East Lake in Wuhan today morning.
The swift encounter between both the leaders was termed as “informal” rather than a summit, as it was free from the customary pomp and show of the state visit such as the 21 gun salutes and past. Even the Chinese media have appreciated the tone of the visit so far.
The two leaders on Friday exchanges pleasantries amid warmth and bonhomie.
The meeting between India and China finally culminated into a broad strategic understanding on their new order of bilateral relations by reaching an agreement that will “respect each other’s sensitivities, concerns and aspirations,” and they will maintain peace and tranquillity along their common but yet to be demarcated frontiers.
The two leaders initiated a strategic dialogue on “solidifying” the Indo-China relations and issue and to strengthen communication between their militaries to establish trust and understanding.
Modi on Saturday declared that he had very ‘extensive and fruitful talks’ with his Chinese counterpart which was reflected in the popular Chinese social media site Weibo where he has 1,83,112 followers.
“I am very pleased to meet with President Xi Jinping in Wuhan. We conducted extensive and fruitful talks and exchanged opinions on strengthening India-China relations and other international issues,” Modi said in his post.
The summit talks were held at the historical Hubei provincial museum where Xi and Modi went around gazing the historical artefacts.
The two leaders discussed important issues during the museum walks, which was unique in a way as it involved no pressure or obligation whatsoever, but simple discussions on solutions to border problems.
The one on one talks between the leaders was followed by delegation level talks between officials of both the nations with some of the key issues tabled for discussion.
One of the most significant pointers of Indo-China relations was Modi’s guiding principles of Panchasheel which differs from the Nehruvian view of Panchasheel.
The five tenets of Panchasheel laid down by Prime Minister Modi are five “positives”-
Soch (thoughts) 2) Sampark (contact) 3)Sahyog(cooperation) 4) Sankalp( determination) 5) Sapne (dreams).
During his delegation level talks with President Xi Jinping, Modi hailed the centuries-old Indo-China ties, saying that people to people contact should be maintained.
Modi underscored the importance of people to people contact through-STRENGTH-which stands for-Spirituality, Tradition, Relationship, Entertainment, Nature conservation, Games, Tourism, Health and Healing.
The issues that threatened the Indo-China relations revolved around India’s refusal to join China’s flagship One Belt One Road Initiative, China blocking India’s entry into Nuclear Suppliers Group, as well as Beijing’s refusal to back India’s attempt to book Pakistan based Maulana Masood Azhar as an international terrorist.
China on its part had concerns over India giving shelter to Dalai Lama and his followers in India. Beijing is concerned about India’s growing proximity to US and joining US, Japan and Australia for quadrilateral cooperation talks in the Asia-Pacific region.
According to Indian foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale, there was an agreement on the need for “building an open, multi pluralist, and participatory, global economic order.
Modi also referred to the necessity of making trade more balanced and increase India’s agricultural and pharmaceutical exports to China.
Modi and Xi agreed that India and China are two superpowers who can tread towards building a new world order with strategic and political autonomy. They can maintain balanced relations which can be conducive to the current global situation of uncertainty.
To broaden the scope of their international cooperation, the two leaders also identified digital empowerment, global healthcare, combating disease, disaster risk and mitigation besides climate change as areas where the two could work in collaboration.